SKIN BUMPS, CYSTS AND TUMORS
- Sequel of Hemangioma.
Tumors of vascular origin: deep hemangiomas, venous or lymphatic malformations
Dermoid Cyst or Eyebrow Tail Cyst
Pilomatrixoma or Malherbe's Tumor
Neurofibroma in type 1 Neurofibromatosis
Synovial or Articular Cysts
Adipose tissue tumors
Lipomas, unlike adults, are infrequent in children. Lipomas are en children are associated to some syndromes. It is more common to find deep hemangioma lipoid degeneration, lipoblastomas or lipofibromas that lipomas. Sarcomas are rare but exist in childhood. One way to study them is with the images (magnetic resonance imaging), but when faced with a tumor of uncertain characteristics, it is always better to remove it and wait for the biopsy, to know what we are dealing with.
Dermoid Cyst / Eyebrow Tail Cyst
It is a frequent tumor in childhood and is due to a collection of germ epithelium. It grows slowly and can corrode the skull bone on which it rest if time passes. It doesn't dissolve and must be removed with surgery.
Pilomatrixoma is a benign tumor that grows slowly, but must be removed because it does not disappear. It can become infected. It is characterized by being just below the skin, being hard and irregular.
Synovial or articular cysts
They are less common than in adults, but children may have these joint-related cysts. In the photo shows cysts in relation to the knee joint
It is a cyst or tumor of the scalp that grows slowly but does not dissolve. They must be removed and sent to a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
This tumors generally appear in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. Neurofibromatosis is characterized by having café au lait spots on the skin and under the skin tumors of different sizes may appear in relation to the nerves. If it grows and produced pain, it must be removed.
it is more frequent in adult patients, but can be seen in adolescents. They are keratin cysts and do not go away
Lymphatic malformations, venous malformations, or deep hemangiomas may present as a mass. It is important to make the difference with nuclear magnetic resonance, since they have different treatments.
Dermatofibroid tumors are benign tumors that appear in young women on the extremities. They are round, red or brown lesions that appear after a insect bite or folliculitis,