TUMORS AND VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS

Malformaciones venosas

Venous Malformations

hemangioma

Hemangioma

Hemangiomas

This vascular tumor are frequent in infants and may require surgery when they do not respond to dermatological treatment, when a mass persists after 4 years (fibrofatty remnant) of the hemangioma) or when it is desired to decrease the size because the tumor is growing (proliferative phase) and produces an funtional alteration, such as occluding vision in periocular hemangiomas.

There are unusual hemangiomas such as congenital hemangiomas (they are at birth) or what appears within the muscles.

secuela fibroadiposa de un hemangioma involucionado

Fibrofatty remnant of an Thoracic Hemangioma

Linfangioma Cervical

Lymphatic Malformation or Lymphangioma or Cystic Hygroma

Pyogenic or Telangestatic granuloma

It is a more frequent vascular tumor in the head and neck, tends to bleed with rubbing and does not disappear over time, so it needs surgery to remove it. It is not clear why it occurs.

hemangioma congénito

Congenital hemangioma on the trunk of a newborn

Granuloma Piógeno

Pyogenic granuloma

Venous Malformations

They are a set or skein of venous vessels that can produce a mass, with a violet color of the skin and pain. It usually get bigger with valsalva maneuver. In general, they require sclerotherapy (a procedure that interventional radiologists do) and in some cases surgery.

Lymphatic Malformations

Lymphatic malformations, cystic hygroma, or lymphangiomas are the same. These lesions can have large and / or small cysts. Macrocysts respond to sclerotherapy, that is, puncture the lesion and infiltrate a substance that occludes the cysts. Microcysts should generally be operated because they do not response well to sclerotherapy.