TUMORS AND VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS
This vascular tumor are frequent in infants and may require surgery when they do not respond to dermatological treatment, when a mass persists after 4 years (fibrofatty remnant) of the hemangioma) or when it is desired to decrease the size because the tumor is growing (proliferative phase) and produces an funtional alteration, such as occluding vision in periocular hemangiomas.
There are unusual hemangiomas such as congenital hemangiomas (they are at birth) or what appears within the muscles.
Fibrofatty remnant of an Thoracic Hemangioma
Lymphatic Malformation or Lymphangioma or Cystic Hygroma
Pyogenic or Telangestatic granuloma
It is a more frequent vascular tumor in the head and neck, tends to bleed with rubbing and does not disappear over time, so it needs surgery to remove it. It is not clear why it occurs.
Congenital hemangioma on the trunk of a newborn
They are a set or skein of venous vessels that can produce a mass, with a violet color of the skin and pain. It usually get bigger with valsalva maneuver. In general, they require sclerotherapy (a procedure that interventional radiologists do) and in some cases surgery.
Lymphatic malformations, cystic hygroma, or lymphangiomas are the same. These lesions can have large and / or small cysts. Macrocysts respond to sclerotherapy, that is, puncture the lesion and infiltrate a substance that occludes the cysts. Microcysts should generally be operated because they do not response well to sclerotherapy.